What Is the Kardashev Scale? • Premise: – Any civilization will want to use all the power available to it. • Consequence: – End up capturing and using all of the. The scale was originally designed in by the Russian astrophysicist Nikolai Kardashev (who was looking for signs of extraterrestrial life within cosmic signals). It has 3 base classes, each with an energy disposal level: Type I (10¹⁶W), Type II (10²⁶W), and Type III (10³⁶W). The Kardashev scale. • Based on the amount of energy that a civilization is able to harness. • Kardashev (). Type I, II & III. Nicolai Kardashev.
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dashev's classification (or Kardashev's scale) has often been seen as oversimplified, fication (or Kardashev's scale) of advanced extrater-. The Kardashev scale is a method of measuring a civilization's level of technological .. "Environmental Change and the Human Condition" (PDF). Bulletin Fall. pp. KEYWORDS: SETI, Kardashev Scale, Super Civilizations, Extraterrestrial Imperative, Torino Scale INTRODUCTION Soviet astronomer Nikolai Kardashev .
The scale has three designated categories: Type I civilization—also called a planetary civilization—can use and store all of the energy which reaches its planet from its parent star.
Type II civilization—also called a stellar civilization—can harness the total energy of its planet's parent star the most popular hypothetical concept being the Dyson sphere—a device which would encompass the entire star and transfer its energy to the planet s. Type III civilization—also called a galactic civilization—can control energy on the scale of its entire host galaxy.
While certainly fun to think about galactic civilizations, could we use this model instead as a paradigm for more grounded technology that is now seeing widespread use and rapid advancement?
Numerous experts tout AI as a paradigm-shifting capability that has potential to disrupt multiple industries. There are countless AI blog posts, reports, and conferences.
This is all the more reason to come to a better appreciation of how AI might evolve in the near and further future. Historically, technological change has initially diminished but then later increased employment and living standards by enabling the emergence of new industries and sectors that create more and better jobs than the ones displaced.
In , Alan Turing proposed the capability to encode intelligence into a machine. As clarified by MIT Technology Review: "This was the first time that a deep convolutional neural network had won the competition, and it was a clear victory. In , the winning entry had an error rate of But SuperVision won with an error rate of only That clear victory ensured that this approach has been widely copied since then.
Financial services, marketing, transportation, education, the medical industry, and others—all are being assessed now to make processes more efficient, faster and more cost effective.
Irrespective of who is right and how rapidly AI develops, advancements in AI will continue apace. Many countries and companies have multi-billion dollar AI initiatives.
In an attempt to remain at least partially contemporary, we add a Type 0 to our hypothetical AI scale.
Type III AI—also called Superintelligence: An AI is proven to far exceed human capabilities and is capable of continuous self-improvement self-sensing and self-reprogramming ; its IQ would be so high as to be immeasurable. However, the point of this article is not to daunt us into considering such steps impossible, but rather to take a step back from daily AI research to consider where we might be headed.
Presently, we are in the age of Narrow AI. DL and Bots are becoming standard in many applications — e. Already in China the company Xiaoi uses a conversational chatbot that millions use daily.
The galaxy is their playground, and everything in it becomes a toy.
Even galactic cat shit, if accidentally dug out. Probably here on Earth.
Type IV A universal civilization, capable of harnessing the energy of the whole universe. This civilization would be supergalactic, able to travel throughout the entire universe and consume the energy output of several—possibly all—galaxies.
Think of that real estate size! It would also be capable of projects of gargantuan proportions, such as manipulating space-time and tinkering with entropy, thus reaching immortality on a grand scale. An essentially indestructible and highly utopian civilization. Type V A multiverse culture, capable of harnessing the energy of multiple universes.
Welcome to metaphysics! Leave your common sense at the door, and count your strings before entering.
Since we still sustain our energy needs from dead plants and animals, here on Earth, we are a lowly Type 0 civilization and we have a LONG way to go before being promoted to a type I civilization. But what does each of these categories actually stand for in literal terms? A Type I designation is a given to species who have been able to harness all the energy that is available from a neighboring star, gathering and storing it to meet the energy demands of a growing population.
This means that we would need to boost our current energy production over , times to reach this status. Human beings could control volcanoes, the weather, and even earthquakes! At least, that is the idea. A Dyson Sphere Credit: Slawek Wojtowicz The next step up — a Type II civilization — can harness the power of their entire star not merely transforming starlight into energy, but controlling the star.
Several methods for this have been proposed. Alternatively, if fusion power the mechanism that powers stars had been mastered by the race, a reactor on a truly immense scale could be used to satisfy their needs. Nearby gas giants can be utilized for their hydrogen, slowly drained of life by an orbiting reactor. What would this much energy mean for a species? Well, nothing known to science could wipe out a Type II civilization.